• M. U. Shareef Department of Nuclear Engineering, PIEAS, P.O. Nilore, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • M. Tufail Department of Nuclear Engineering, PIEAS, P.O. Nilore, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • S. H. Hussain PIEAS, P.O. Nilore, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • F. Rashid Health Physics Division, PINSTECH, P.O. Nilore, Islamabad, Pakistan


The nuclear technology has prime importance and backbone for rapid development of medical sciences, industries and in power generation as an alternate source of energy. Despite all these facts there is a major problem which is always associated with nuclear technology, that is, the generation of undesirable radioactive wastes. The radioactive wastes are quite problematic and need major attention for its treatment, conditioning and properly disposal to keep the environmental activities and human ecosystem healthy and safe. There are different large scale methods and processes to treat and dispose off the radioactive wastes. These processes are evaluated and designed by the various world competent and pronounced scientists in the light of rules and safety limits set by IAEA and other regulatory authorities to protect the environment and eventually protect our ecosystem. The research and development work on radioactive waste has been proceeding for the last fifty years but still it is a core issue and a big challenge for the nuclear scientists and radiation workers. In this study a rapid and continuous system for immobilization of nuclear waste into glass matrix by vitrification has been designed. In general treatment methods, Borosilicate glass is preferred because it is efficient, cost effective and rapid to that of other radioactive waste form. In this process the simulated waste is mixed with glass forming material and process for melting to form a glassy substrate in continuous manner. The waste is being converted into vitreous form and encapsulate into a glass matrix


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How to Cite

M. U. Shareef, M. Tufail, S. H. Hussain, and F. Rashid, “A RAPID AND CONTINUOUS SYSTEM FOR IMMOBILIZATION OF NUCLEAR MATERIAL WASTE BY VITRIFICATION”, The Nucleus, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 267–271, Jun. 2020.