The Nucleus

The Nucleus is an open access international, multidisciplinary peer-reviewed quarterly scientific journal. It offers a platform for scientists and engineers to publish their original and current research of high scientific value in all areas of natural and applied sciences at the international level. The journal is being published electronically as well as in hard form. It is easily accessible, free of charge, and is being distributed widely.

All contents of 'The Nucleus' are available without charges to the users or their institutions. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author so long as the original authors and source are cited.

Research scholars, faculty members and academicians of various disciplines are invited to submit their novel contributions in the form of original manuscripts which will undergo quality check before being approved for publication. Publisher will promote the published articles across world-wide web through different media following the open access regulations.

Reliable source for scientific information, resources and guidance has been the need of the hours for the scientific community which has been fulfilled by the publishing sector. This platform with a sole aim of providing the most trusted scientifically authentic information is launched to support the latest logical scientific initiatives. The motto of 'The Nucleus' is to promote flawless, unbiased research information and data, by maintaining at most transparency and following the already laid international publishing standards.

Vol 59, No 1-4 (2022)

Table of Contents


N. I. Ahamed, D. B. Anburaj, G. Nedunchezhian
A. Hussain, M. Mehboob, W. Ahmed, M. Ali, H. Shahid
Q. Mehmood, M. Nadeem, K. Noreen, R. Ahmad