Application of Multi-Layer Feed Forward Neural Network (MLFNN) for the
The geophysical formation evaluation plays a fundamental role in hydrocarbon exploration. Porosity is one of the main parameters that determine the amount of oil present in a rock formation. Accurate determination of porosity is a difficult problem due to failure in understanding of spatial porosity parameter distribution. Multi-layer feed forward neural network (MLFN) proved to be a powerful tool for mapping porosity across the whole field and proved to be a powerful tool for mapping complicated relationships in reservoir. In MLFN three layers are involved that is an input layer, an output layer and a variable number of hidden layers. Input for training eight external attributes are used which are P-impedance, S-impedance, density, fluid, lithology impedance, lamda-rho, mu-rho, and Vp/Vs. Five nodes are used in hidden layer and one output node for mapping total porosity of Badin gas field. In this study 3D cube of Badin field and 3 wells are used. The findings proved competence of multi-layer feed forward neural network in the porosity prediction process with an average error of 0.014 [v/v] and the correlation coefficient of 0.91 and helped in studying the lateral variations in the porosity along the reservoir. The A sands show same porosity values along both the well locations, while for B sand the porosity value decreases from Zaur-01 to Chakri-01 well while for C sand the porosity value increases from Zaur-01 to Chakri-01 well.
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