Study of the Multi Particle Processes in Proton-Carbon and Deuteron-Carbon Interactions at 4.2 A GeV/c
In this paper, multi particle productions in hadron-nucleus and nucleus-nucleus interactions have been analyzed. The experimental data coming from 2m Propane Bubble Chamber, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Dubna, Russia has been used. The results have been compared with the simulated data from the Cascade Code. We could observe that the cascade code had problem in describing the experimental data for the multi particle events. One can conclude that the problem with the code could be connected due to production of ?-resonance and exclusion of collective phenomena in the Cascade code.
M.C. Abreu et al., (NA50 Collaboration) “Anomalous suppression in Pb-Pb interactions at 158 GeV/c per nucleon”, Phys. Lett. B., vol. 410, nos. 2-4, pp 337-343, 1997.
Fu-Hu Liu, N.N. Abd Allah, D.H. Zhang and M.Y. Duan, “Particle multiplicity distributions in silicon-emulsion collisions at 4.5 AGeV/c, “Phys. Rev. C, vol. 67, no. 4, pp. 047603, 2003.
Z.V. Anzon, I.Y. Chasnikov, A.S. Gaitinov, et al. “A study of inelastic pion-nucleus interactions at 200 GeV/c in an emulsion”, Nucl. Phys. B., vol. 129, no. 2, pp. 205–234, 1977.
I. Otterlund, E. Stenlund, B. Andersson et al., “Nuclear interactions of 400 GeV protons in emulsion”, Nuclear Physics B, vol. 142, no. 4, pp. 445–462, 1978.
M. El-Nadi, O. E. Badawy, M. K. Hegab et al., “Inelastic interactions of 340 GeV/c - with emulsion nuclei”, Physical Review D, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 12–18, 1983.
R.K. Shivpuri and A. Kotha, “Multiplicity, rapidity and rapidity correlations in 800 GeV proton-nucleus interactions”, Physical Review D, vol. 35, no. 11, pp. 3508–3511, 1987.
A. Tufail, S. Ahmad, A. R. Khan, M. Zafar, and M. Shafi, “Nuclear interactions of 340 GeV pions in emulsion, ”Physical Review D, vol. 42, no. 7, pp. 2187–2193, 1990.
A. Tufail, S. Ahmad, and M. Zafar, “Features of forward-backward multiplicity correlations in hadronic collisions”, Canadian J. of Phys., vol. 74, no. 3-4, pp. 141–144, 1996.  A. Jurak and A. Linscheid, “Some characteristics of compound shower and grey tracks multiplicity distributions produced in proton emulsion interactions”, Acta Physica Polonica B, vol. 8, pp. 875–886, 1977.
M.K Suleimanov, O.B Abdinov, A.M Bagirov, A.I. Anoshin, J. Bogdanowicz and A.A Kuznetsov, “Single particle correlations in events with total disintegration of nuclei”, Phys. Rev. C, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 351-355, 1998.
H Satz, “The onset of deconfinement in nuclear collisions”, Nucl. Phys. A, vol. 661, no. 1-4, pp. 104-118, 1999.
A.J. Santiago, K.C. Chung, “Energy spectra of nuclear fragmentation in the percolation description”, J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys., vol. 16, pp. 1483-1492, 1990.
A. Da̧browska, R. Hołyński, A. Jurak, A. Olszewski, M. Szarska, A. Trzupek, B. Wilczyńska, H. Wilczyński, W. Wolter, B. Wosiek, K. Woźniak, M. L. Cherry, W. V. Jones, K. Sengupta, J. P. Wefel, P. S. Freier, and C. J. Waddington, “Particle production in interactions of 200 GeV/nucleon oxygen and sulfur nuclei in nuclear emulsion”, Phys. Rev. D, vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 1751-1761, 1993).
J Desbois, “Heavy ion collisions and the site-bond percolation” Nucl. Phys. A, vol. 466, nos. 3-4, pp. 724-748, 1987.
D. Sarunyagate, Lasers, 2nd Ed., New York: McGraw-Hill, 1996.
H.W. Bertini, T.A. Gabriel and R.T. Santoro, “Predicted proton spectrum at forward angles for 29.4 GeV nitrogen on carbon”, Phys. Rev. C ,vol. 9, pp 522-526, 1974.
H. W.Bertini, R.T. Santoro and O.W. Hermann. “Calculated nucleon spectra at several angles from 192,500,700 and 900 MeV carbon on Iron”, Phys. Rev. C, vol. 14, pp. 590, 1976.
J.P. Bondorf, H.T. Feldeier, S. Garpman, E.C. Halbert, “Classical microscopic description of U+U collisions”, Phys. Lett. B, vol 65, pp 217-220, 1976.
J.P. Bondorf, “Classical microscopic calculation of fast heavy ion collisions”, Zeit. Phys. A, vol. 279, pp. 385-394,1976.
V.D. Toneev and K K Gudima, “Particle emission in light and heavy ion reactions”, Nucl. Phys. A, vol. 40, pp 173-189, 1983.
A. Boudard, J. Cugnon, S. Leray and C. Volant. "Intranuclear cascade model for a comprehensive description of spallation reaction data", Phys. Rev. C, vol. 66, pp. 044615, 2002.